A strategy that gives attention to children’s positive behaviors using praise, recognition, or rewards

Children need immediate feedback to know when they’re meeting behavioral expectations. Providing reinforcement will make it more likely that children will repeat positive behaviors in the future.

Hallmarks of This Strategy

Keep it Positive

Spot positive behaviors from every child and focus feedback on what they’re doing well.

Reinforce Immediately

Providing reinforcement in the moment makes it more likely that children will show the positive behavior again.

Be Flexible

Vary reinforcement among children and over time so they’re meaningful and effective.


Using Reinforcement

In this lesson, we describe the strategy of reinforcement. We explore common types of reinforcers, and cover ways you can effectively implement this strategy.


Additional Resources

Guide to Reinforcement (Español)

Learn more about this strategy and its importance, and learn tips for trying it in your classroom.

Family Guide to Reinforcing Behaviors You Want to See (Español)

Share this guide with families to communicate the strategies you're using at school. Take time to make connections between how children are supported at home and in the classroom.

Positive Feedback and Encouragement Starters

Check out this list of positive feedback and encouragement conversation starters.